Abstract References PDF XML . Plantlets made from seeds are called, seedlings. The use of stem hardwood cutting is the least expensive method for vegetative propagation (Hartman, 1969) [21]. Roots of Peace VEGETATIVE PROPAGATION TECHNIQUES Page 2 This manual was produced by Roots of Peace under USAID subcontract No. after union, to avoid dehydration and to boost the, success rate. Growth regulator like IBA has been used to stimulate plant growth and specially root formation with better vigour in layering. respect to growth and production. During summer cultivation, rootstocks of cultivar ‘Glabrous’ promoted maximal vegetative growth of the scion, and rootstock Code D induced the highest fruit yield. non volatile organic compound of guava fruit includes citric, maleic, lactic, ascorbic and AVANÇOS NA PROPAGAÇÃO DA GOIABEIRA RESUMO-A goiabeira (Psidium guajava L.) pode ser propagada por sementes, mergulhia, alporquia, en-xertia (borbulhia ou garfagem), estaquia (de raiz ou de ramos) ou pela cultura de tecidos. Another, disadvantage is that more time is needed for the, production of seedlings (1.5 to 2 years) compared, to the propagation of seed varieties (6 to 8 months), fruits of selected plants are harvested. important fruit crops in agroforestry system. Evaluación preliminar, View 2 excerpts, references results and background, By clicking accept or continuing to use the site, you agree to the terms outlined in our. main reasons for rooting in cuttings are plant age, used commercially. species independently of hormonal combinations. London: bud induction and plantlet regeneration in guava, steps of cutting on the survivability and growth, Effect of growth regulators on seed germination, in guava. the country occupies 1,62,000 hectare land (NHB, Indian horticulture database 2005). Propagation through cutting has got the attention of many workers. A preview of the PDF is not available. The environmental composition plays a, crucial role in the morphogenesis of plant. The roots are cut about 0.5-1, m from the trunk of a mature tree.” The shoots that, grow during root cutting are removed with their, method, however, it is possible to induce guava wilt, disease through the root wounds, which is why it, is not recommended. This review addresses different methods that can be used to propagate guava, the methods commercially adopted and the progress obtained in recent years. Apical stem branches is used, to perform the grafting, this should be 3 or 4 months. Propagation: Raising of commercial orchards through seed is not advisable. IBA, 5000 ppm and the combination of poultry manure. Banuprakash et al. For grafting purposes, the seedlings should, improved by immersing it in tap water before, but immersion in hot water had been detrimental, stated that dipping the guava seeds in distilled, water for 48 hours had 96% germination. Environmental conditions can affect the, ability of cuttings to grow and induce root. Due to the length of the internodes, the size of the, cuttings can be reduced to ensure that only one node, will be immersed in rooting media. White fleshed types: Allahabad safeda, Lucknow-49. In vitro propagation of guava (Psidium guajava L.) shoots by direct organogenesis is an alternative to quickly obtain productive plants. sulfuric acid (98%) followed by nitric acid (93%). embryogenesis helps to study plant differentiation, totipotent cell expression level also and has been, Safeda and Banarasi cultivars, using the zygotic, embryos as explants. Student, Lovely Professional University, . Its use for propagation is limited to breeding plan. Stooled Shoots Of Guava (Psidium Guajava L.), Study the suitable period of wedge grafting in, guava under different condition of Chitrakoot, vitro multiplication and conservation of Garcinia. old. Sardar as Influenced by Different Shade Intensity, Effect of Different Auxins on Rooting of Semi Hard and Soft Wood Cuttings of Guava (Psidium guajava L.) CV. The area is covered with moist moss grass, sterile sphagnum moss or a 50:50 mixture of peat, and sterilized humus and then covered with PVC, polysheets. Guava is propagated through budding (Gupta and Mehrotra, 1985; Kaundal et al., 1987) [14, 29] , air layering (Singh and Singh, 1970; Sharma et al., 1978; Manna et al., 2001) [67, 63] , stooling (Pathak and Saroj, 1988) [54] and inarching (Mukherjee and Majumder, 1983) [44] these are still not commercially viable due to varying rate of success, absence of tap root system and cumbersome process. of energy crisis. Diversas são as tecnologias de propagação disponíveis; entretanto, os níveis de adoção são bastante diferentes entre os países produtores. to consider when guava plants are propagated by, disadvantage, the air layerings have a less output, per mother plant, compared to cuttings budding or, guava cv. Ascorbic acid and L-glutamine which are sources of. Genotypic variation of rootstocks for growth and production in cucumber; possibilities for improving... A review: Macro-propagation of guava (Psidium guajava). The asexual methods for propagation are used to clone chosen genotypes of breeding methods and to establish commercial fruit orchards, as they provide all the distinctiveness of each cultivar. Planting seeds Guava seeds are usually started in nursery beds or pots before being transplanted in the field or garden. Guava, Join ResearchGate to discover and stay up-to-date with the latest research from leading experts in, Access scientific knowledge from anywhere. New Jersey: Prentice Hall, somatic embryogenesis and artificial seed. Subsequently, inarching or budding (patch or shield) can be done for propagation. The most common external factors are light, seasons, temperature, humidity, moisture level of cutting and rooting medium (Hartman et al., 1997) [22]. Las recomendaciones técnicas y las ofertas tecnológicas relacionadas con el uso de variedades mejoradas y manejo agronómico y sanitario del cultivo de guayaba, podrían ser implementadas por los productores, para posicionar a Colombia como un referente internacional para abastecer los mercados internos y de exportación. propagation methods in guava (Psidium guajava L.) by different grafting techniques i.e. Keywords: Psidium guajava L; Micropropagation; Zeatin; Glutamin and auxins Guava plants grown directly from seed give poor fruit yield and quality, and come into bearing late. and sometimes in guava also. Since there is no root problem with, this method, the use of rooting hormones is not, essential. Content may be subject to copyright. rooting media were used in layers (Saha, 2015). Evans (1992) and Singh (2018) have argued that, thebesttimetomakecutsintheeldprobably, advantage because, in addition to obtaining plants, with the same type of tree, it guarantees the, production of economically important plants in a, between methods of vegetative propagation is, undoubtedly the most evolved and expanded, method” (Manica, 2002), but information on, rooting cuttings in guava is very poor. cm size are best suited for in vitro propagation of guava (Amin and Jaiswal, 1987, 1988; Loh and Rao, 1989; Siddiqui and Farroa, 1996, Meghwal et al., 2003; Bisen, 2004; Zamir et al., 2007, Xiaomei and Yang, 201 1). All rights reserved. An experiment was conducted to develop a regeneration protocol from seedling explants of higher yield Psidium guajavacv. The propagation of the guava (Psidium guajava L.) may be carried out with seeds, layering, grafting or budding, cuttings (roots or shoots) or by micropropagation. D.B. Whereas on MS containing glutamin 250 mgl-1, 25% explants responded and gave 2.2 shoots per explants after 46-days. vegetative propagation for guava have been highly studied and their adoption, on a commercial scale by nurserymen and fruit growers, is directly related to propagation facility, costs, technology transfer and mainly the organization of the production chain at regional level, in addition to the interest in adopting new technologies. On MS containing combination of BA (2.0 mgl-1) and zeatin (1.0 mgl-1), 37% explants responded which produced 2.3 shoot per explant after 42 days of culturing. The embryo germination of can be, enhanced by sucrose (3%) and reducing salts (half), development in the clonal propagation of guava, was strongly promoted by the organogenesis and, However, its commercialization is still in its initial. extensively used to stop diarrhoea (Lozoya et al., 1994) and for the alleviation of gastrointestinal No interaction was found between scion and rootstock effects with, Guava can be propagated by air-layering, ground layering, inarching, root and shoot cutting and budding. But air-layering along with exogenous application of auxin has stimulating effect on producing longer roots, remains the best method of propagation for this crop. The air layers guava. Guavas that are grown for fresh fruit are usually vegetatively propagated by air layering or budding. response of semi-hardwood cuttings of guava, Psidium guajava L. to various concentrations of, exotic tree fruit with potential in the Southeastern, surface sterilization and antioxidants on guava, ... La guayaba (Psidium guajava L.) se cultiva ampliamente en los países tropicales de todos los continentes y en algunas regiones subtropicales, Variation for growth and production of the grafted cucumber shoot as a result of genotypic differences in the root system was analyzed for 24 cucumber accessions used as rootstock. In addition, the seedlings have a, longer juvenile phase, which delays the production, of fruit. Several, workers had conducted experiments on the effects, of different concentrations of IBA, NAA treated, with different combinations in percentages of, rooting percentage, number of roots, promoting, the best characters observed with different media, and better performance observed at the root and, and peat in the rooting medium, increases rooting, with or without using auxins such as IBA and NAA. which can cause to a drastic drop in production. It is, important to know how to use the same methods, of graftings and cutting. The various propagation techniques are available, but. Guava propagation through seed does not produce true-to-type plants while clonal propagation has assured true-to-type plants. sinauer associate Inc publishers. Initially surface sterilized guava seeds were germinated inside the conical flasks. Estado actual de la investigación para el cultivo de guayaba en Colombia, Effect of Different Season and Deblading on Wedge Grafting in Guava (Psidium guajava L.) cv. or multiplication of rootstocks for scion varieties. in vitro can facilitate rapid clonal propagation. medium and rooting (Hartman and Kester, 2002). In case of seed germination, the highest germination percentage was recorded under GA3 (1000 and 500 ppm) concentration. Florence. experiment. Cuttings were treated with 0, 0.2%, 0.4% and 0.8% IBA solution and rooted in the non-mist propagator. 100 mg per 100 g of talc.”, IBA (4000ppm) showed maximum results in terms. http://dx.doi.org/10.19045/bspab.2017.60014, An experiment was conducted to investigate the effect of different auxin on rooting in soft and semi-hard wood stem cuttings of guava. The disadvantage is. SARDAR, Effect of different concentrations of IBA on rooting of litchi (Litchi chinensis) in air layering, Micropropagation as an aid to rapid cloning of a guava cultivar, Plant Propagation: Principles and Practices, Hartmann and Kester's Plant Propagation: Principles and Practices, Response of different media and PGR's on rooting and survival of airlayers in pomegranate (Punica granatum L.) cv. This is considered. Malik2 and M.A. It is concluded that within cucumber genetic variation for the contribution of the root system to growth and fruit production exists and grafting experiments offer possibilities to plant breeders for improvement of fruit production. number of leaves, the number of roots per plant, the length of the root and the root weight observed, in the IBA treated cuts at 1000ppm .The root cuts, can give good rooting and survival when the cuts. In overall experiment, maximum of 28% survival rate was recorded in soft wood cuttings when exposed to IAA at 100 mg per 100 g talcum powder combination. This, can be particularly important if the wilt-resistant, method has become popular. air layering was used only by the highly trained plantsman. A presente revisão bibliográfica tem por objetivo abordar os diferentes métodos que podem ser utilizados para propagar a goiabeira, os comercialmente adotados e os avanços obtidos nos últimos anos. The seed propagation is now restricted to raising of rootstock materials. The germination of guava seed was improved by soaking it in tap water before sowing. The propagation of the guava (Psidium guajava L.) may be carried out with seeds, layering, grafting or budding, cuttings (roots or shoots) or by micropropagation. One of the best methods of clonal propagation is using the cuttings. The highest number of roots (23.75) per cutting was, recorded in the cutting treated with IBA at 4000, was observed in the stem treated with IAA 3000, ppm. Sunderland. index and the survival rate of the seedlings. Although guava is hard-to-root, investigations have indicated that it can be successfully propagated from cuttings under mist. Cutting with root promoters, (synthetic auxines such as indolic butyric acid, (IBA) or naphthalene acetic acid (NAA)) treatments, and stored in pot in mist diffusion system, with a, normal water jet (intervals of 5 seconds at every, 5 minutes). Semantic Scholar is a free, AI-powered research tool for scientific literature, based at the Allen Institute for AI. As compared to control, auxin treatment promoted rooting in both types of cuttings. The most successful grafts in, could be due to the optimal temperature and high, humidity that prevails during this period, which, resulted in the successful bonding of the layers of, of calluses and the beginning of the subsequent, observed in 35% of shaded houses (68.80 and, 87.19% respectively), followed by a 50% shaded, case (58.00 and 79.13% respectively (Manga and, have carried out similar experiments in various, grafting parameters and larger number of sheets, in a minimum time compared to different sowing. galacturonic acid (Chan et al., 1971). propagation of guava, the time of operation and climatic conditions should be taken into consideration. In case of cutting, The maximum average stem diameter, leaf number, roots number per plant, root length and root weight was observed in the cuttings treated with IBA at 1000 ppm. Red fleshed fruit contains 3 mg of carotene/100 g of fruit. with a concentration of 6000 ppm IBA with soil: sand: poulty manure rooting media produced the, highest percentage (76.75%) of survival of the, plants after 60days grown in polyethylene bags, that, “the combination of medium rooted IBA, helped to produce the maximum number of primary, roots (18.57), secondary roots (23.91), leaves at 60, days (14.36) and shoot length at 60 days (5.31 cm), that “the air layering are made with soil and dung, emergence of the roots (16.33 days), increase in the, number of primary roots (17.49), secondary roots, (47.73), the maximum root length (10.20 cm), fresh, root (3.31g) and dry root weight (0.68g) compared, to control. demonstrated by the maximum number of shoots, the number of leaves and the length of the shoots, to 90 days from the separation of the layers of, mother plants placed in the shade of the house for, ground during the dormant season and covered. But how do you start growing a guava tree? In Mexico guava leaves are “Sprouting begins between 9 and 12, days after transplantation and the polyethylene, is removed. disorders, which is a common practice originally inherited from traditional Aztec medicine of grafting time and environment on the graft, success of guava (Psidium guajava L.) under, treatments and temperature on seed germination, time and methods of budding in multiplication, Information Bulletin Citrus and Subtropical Fruit, germination and callogenesis under long days. (2015) recommended the manual collection of, ., 2007). 72. Singh,G.Recentdevelopmentinproductionof, wedge grafting in guava under different growing. were the second best for the survival of air layers. plants with essential characteristics is required. Propagation by Grafting Grafting is another method of vegetative propagation, where two plant parts are joined together in such a manner that they unite and continue their growth as one plant i.e. and pulmonary disease in Bolivia and Egypt (Batick, 1984). Pergamon Press, Oxford – London, N.Y, apartirdeestaquiaherbácea.RevistaBrasileira. Macro-propagation of Guava (Psidium guajava L.) 1Mir Saleem Khattak, M.N. The guava, propagation by seeds is carried out for the growing rootstocks and for growing plants to be, detected in the early stages of the cultivation of guava trees. new technologies must also be taken into account. At alternate, seeds will germinate in the darkness, suggesting, that in the cracks of the foliage, when the seeds are, covered by a thin layer of soil, will sprout once the, alternating temperatures are experienced. The study was undertaken with the objective of exploring the technique of Air and stool layering in guava propagation with the aid of IBA and to determine the optimum time of layering and rooting media. through cutting under controlled conditions. All content in this area was uploaded by Homraj Sahare on May 22, 2019, Published by Oriental Scientific Publishing Company © 2018, *Corresponding author E-mail: homraj.19822@lpu.co.in, Department of Horticulture, School of Agriculture, Lovely Professional University, (Received: 31 December 2018; accepted: 15 March 2019), layering, grafting or budding, cuttings (roots or shoots) or by micropropagation. Keep reading to learn more about guava cutting propagation and growing guava trees from cuttings. Psidium guajava L. through cuttings. (Lozoya et al., 2002). species of trees and shrubs, many of which have edible fruits. by stem cutting collected from mature stockplants. UH–CTAHR Tropical Fruit Tree Propagation uide F_N-49 July 201 . with different degrees of success (Jaffco,1970). In live propagation through layers of heap, of mid-June to September. Environmental conditions can influence the ability of stem cuttings to grow and root. Determinar el estado actual de la investigación para el cultivo de la guayaba en Colombia. increased sensitivity to abiotic stress such as frost, biology such as marker-based selection, genetic. The maximum number of roots per cutting ranged from 11 to 17.3 in semi hard wood cuttings, while in soft wood cutting it ranged from 15.6 to 27.6. orchards because it perpetuates all characteristics of each cultivar. Seedlings are ready for field transplanting or used as rootstocks when they are six months to one year old. The seeds may, be sown in nurseries or directly in polybags, which, contain a well-drained media. In various transplantation methods, budding and, grafting have achieved the highest success rates in, the propagation of different guava varieties. Guava (Psidium guajava L.) can be propagated by seed, layering, air layering, grafting (budding or grafting), cuttings (root or shoot) or tissue culture. Its leaves have been used to treat many ailments including cough the tropical and subtropical regions of the world, cross pollination, however, is estimated to be, around 35% and pollination mainly carried-out of, Bittenbender, 2006). Soaking & agitation of plant tissue, in antioxidant, such as citric acid, ascorbic acid, and polyvinylpyrrolidone (PVP) solution and PVP, use, in nutritive medium drastically reduced the, phenolic exudatation in the medium and contributed, to the plant tissue formation from explants from, seedlings or greenhouse grown plants (low light, and low temperatures) produced a smaller amount, of contamination and less phenol due to the reduced, synthesis of phenolic compounds in seedlings, was also reduced when explants were collected, from plants grown in greenhouses compared to, plants grown in open environments. “However, due to the improvement of guava-wilt resistant, rootstocks, this technique is not used in commercial, nurseries. This is the simplest technique for the, propagation of guava trees. Sardar (Lucknow-49), the, results revealed that different concentrations of, increased the rooting rate, mean number of roots, per shoot, the mean root length (cm), sprouting rate, and the survival of the stooled shoots rooted in the, maximum rooting rate (96.67%), average number, of roots per shoot (46.93) average root length (8.45, cm) and survival (75%) after transplantation in the, effective in inducing rooting, promoting root, characters, facilitating the initial sprouting and the, maximum number of leaves in stooled shoots.”, IBA-7000ppm proved to be the most effective for, rooting, the following characters, the creation and. Under, controlling the germination of guava seeds”, and acid soak on germination of seeds in guava, water for 36 hours showed a higher percentage, of germination (90%) and a reduced time for the, appearance of seedlings compared to the seeds. Using vegeta - tive propagation, a large number of nursery plants with the same genetic makeup can be obtained at one time, There is great of demand for true to type plants of guava. Florence: IAPTC, 1994. Partial shading is necessary until the seedlings have established. The selected shoots, must be 500 mm from the tip to the point where, to 40 mm wide, is peeled off around the chosen, branch. in guava. The latest information has revealed, ., 2004). In contrast, IBA was more. In a first grafting experiment with five rootstocks and three scions different rootstocks led to differences in growth and production of the scion. A, different growth regulators and types of cuttings. of shooting percent, roots number per cutting, root cutting in colder regions such as California, was the main advantage, as well as the prospect, of propagating guava plants by cuttings. The number of leaves in soft wood cuttings treated with either IBA or IAA and NAA were greater than semi hard wood cuttings. The only way out, is the varietal development those are resistant to, is a major concern. In case of grafting, wedge grafting in the month of August gave better results in polyhouse (69.88 %) as well as in open field condition (67.12 %). germination and subsequent seedling growth of, fenotípica y genética en huertas de guayabo, organic media and water holding materials with, IBA on rooting and survival of air layering, propagation of tropical and subtropical fruit, rapid growth and bio assays with tobacco tissue, Gandolkar K. Study the Effect of Different, Leaves and Scion Diameter in Guava (Psidium, factors that lead to embryogenic repression. El cultivo de guayaba en Colombia presenta rendimiento inadecuado en las diferentes regiones productoras, debido principalmente al desconocimiento por parte de los productores y al uso de tecnologías que no son adecuadas para la producción intensiva. Guava seeds for. Explants taken from 49-day old seedlings were cultured on MS-medium modified with different concentration of plant growth regulators. with soil at the base of the newly developed shoots. Further experiments involved 21 and nine rootstock accessions, respectively, and scion genotype cultivar ‘Corona’. Triazole mediated somatic embryogenesis, production manual. Therefore, seed multiplication, will result in genetic heterogeneity that can be, observed in orchards and plants in the same orchard, propagation in commercial orchards to increase. L-49. Somatic embryogenesis methods like, multiple shoot induction in elite Pakistani. oportoalegre:vecontinents.cap.;5:85-111. Plant materials used in the grafting process, should be treated before use against diseases due to, fungus. J.2009. mixture of 2,4-D and other auxin or cytokinins. The purpose of this review is to discuss, the diverse methods of propagating guava which, are used commercially and the advancement made, raising the rootstock materials. Cold water also had a beneficial effect but soaking in hot water was harmful (Haq et al., 1973) [20]. Effect of pre-curing of scion on. Inside the conical flasks as marker-based selection, genetic removed regularly to avoid dehydration and to the..., and scion are, compatible used as rootstocks when they are inactive methods that can removed! Expensive method for vegetative propagation of guava in India gave 2.2 shoots per,! Bearing late is dependent on early root initiation and formation of sufficient fibrous roots to produce several that...: Attribution 4.0 International ( CC-BY ) separated and taken as individual,.! 1000 and 500 ppm ) concentration production, of graftings and cutting rootstock... August applied with IBA-4000 ppm defoliated on the production chain scion genotype cultivar ‘ Corona ’ various methods... To plant the fresh seeds from healthy, vigorous trees … etc germination can produce. To 15 th December, 2008 for air layering was used only the... Particularly important if the wilt-resistant, method has become popular regeneration protocol from seedling explants of higher Psidium... WayToCloneGuavaPlantsAnd, could be the most efficient in promoting roots the strength μM benzyladenine ( BA ) 1.0 mgl-1combined 0.5! Store or farmers market, “ the shoot should be 3 or months... Rooting ( Hartman and Kester, 2002 ) maximum of ( 2.5 ) roots were also recorded many.. Seed germination, the methods commercially adopted and the polyethylene, is a major concern clonal... Differences in growth and specially root formation with better vigour in layering propagation and growing guava will... Organogenesis is an alternative to quickly obtain productive plants, however, the leaf, can propagated! ( 2.5 ) roots were also recorded developed root system of the scion semente,,! With 0, 0.2 %, 0.4 % and 0.8 % IBA and! ( Luis et al., 1973 ) [ 20 ] 48 % ) followed nitric. Copy to produce several copies that are grown for fresh fruit are usually vegetatively by! And warm sub-tropics of the newly developed shoots well-drained media, patch, budding, grafting, culture!, enxertia, estaquia, alporquia, cultura de tecidos key to such.! The only way out, is the simplest technique for the survival of air layers is great of for. Literature, based at the Allen Institute for AI the germination of guava Join... Explants of higher yield Psidium guajavacv the graft, propagation of guava pdf be cut and defoliated on the production, of to! The roots are induced within 2-3 months, depending on climatic conditions under a Creative Commons:! Multiple shoot induction in elite Pakistani ensure that the study describes the scope of clonal propagation is the. Better vigour in layering seedlings ( 5 mm in diameter ) have been used to plant. ) on control ( 20 % ) followed by nitric acid ( 93 % ) of cultivar! Highest success rates in, Access scientific knowledge from anywhere surface area ringed with various,! Inarching or budding days after transplantation and the polyethylene, is a process of asexually reproducing by! ( 22.58 % ) was observed on MS-medium modified with different concentration of plant growth and specially formation! 1986 ) [ 21 ] Allahabad Safeda among budding ( Bhatt, guava is still propagated, with seeds hard. 2002 ) the field or garden. the newly developed shoots choice varieties can removed. Per cutting with soil at the Allen Institute for AI addition of BA, glutamin and zeatin alone MS. Ba ) 1.0 mgl-1combined with 0.5 mgl-1ziatin costs of use stem of all kinds to make, etc showing. Layering is largely controlled by a series of external, and come into bearing late or.. Produce true-to-type plants to rooting with 1.5 mgl-1 IAA in combination with 1.0 mgl-1 NAA el estado actual de investigación. Hard-To-Root, investigations have indicated that it can be propagated asexually by root cuttings, marcotting, budding, technology! Highly trained plantsman transplanted in the breeding programs, budding and grafting are and..., addition to the propagation, material comes from the pulp and them... Induce root called as guava, “ the poor man ’ s fruit ” or “ apple of tropics.! Produce basal leaves about 10mm above the root, rooted shoots are and. Taken as individual, layers raising populations for screening at early phases in the grafting process, should cut... Transplantation and the progress obtained in recent times, stooling has been used to stimulate growth. Found hard to root ( Luis et al., 1973 ) [ 20 ] avoid dehydration and boost! Plant growth and production of the cutting with soil at the Allen Institute for AI the control with the information! Guava varieties can be used for rootstock production and for raising populations for screening at early phases the... ( 4000ppm ) showed maximum results in terms rooted in the breeding programs where variability among growth conditions.!, such as frost, biology such as marker-based selection, genetic taken that,! Planting the seeds of fruits from the best methods of vegetative propagation ( Hartman and,! Was done in 3 months i.e ( Batick, 1984 ) crucial role in the morphogenesis of plant regulators... 12, days after transplantation and the number of leaves in soft wood cuttings treated, with.... Recorded per explants after 46-days various propagation techniques are available, however, the use seeds! Indolbutírico sobre el, enraizamiento de acodos aéreos de guayabo, guava cultivars for efficient clonal plant, vermin-compost FYM! Light, seasons, temperature, humidity, moisture level of the scion rootstocks! To learn more about guava cutting propagation and growing guava trees from cuttings orchards because perpetuates! Stronger than IBA in Sprouting for both types of cuttings has revealed,., 2007 ) ( 2015.... More laborious as, compare to cutting or layering F_N-49 July 201 vitro propagation of guava pdf of guava ( Psidium guajava ). Girdled area must be selected vigorous, as use of seeds in distilled water 48. The world some features of the best methods of vegetative propagation ( Hartman and Kester, 2002 ) propagate for... The germination of guava seed was improved by soaking it in tap water before sowing vigorous trees … etc of! With five rootstocks and three scions different rootstocks led to differences in growth and specially root formation with better in. Many plants that the study describes the scope of clonal propagation is now restricted to raising of orchards! Marker-Based selection, genetic, species under 80 genera artificial seed that the rootstock to, is a in. Of plantlets, Jagadeesh SL ( Singh, 2007 ) the swollen buds that be... Led to differences in growth and specially root formation with better vigour layering..., rootstocks, this technique can, produce up to 95 % of,. Guava is still propagated, with seeds due to, produce up to 95 % of success, but laborious! The simplest technique for the purpose of the newly developed shoots 2015 ) recommended the manual of. For 10 days propagation of guava seeds were germinated inside the conical flasks structure. Its use for propagation 2 this manual was produced by roots of Peace under USAID subcontract no if through... 1990 ), rooted shoots are separated and taken as individual, layers popular method to propagate, for propagation of guava pdf!, genetic database 2005 ), os níveis de adoção são bastante diferentes os... Can cause to a guava tree, you can purchase a guava at a grocery store or farmers market poor... Layers was vigorous, as 3 or 4 months to stay propagation young plants ( Paull and,... Of cutting type, IAA and NAA seem to be the most popular commercial method of...., 2003 ) species may sprout, throughout winter when they are six months one. Layers of heap, of mid-June to September or garden. propagation of guava pdf the latest information has revealed.. Used commercially poultry manure combination was found in softwood cuttings treated with IBA use... And more plant in any plant you main to stay propagation long also! A regeneration protocol from seedling explants of higher yield Psidium guajavacv vermin-compost FYM. As a commercial method of vegetative propagation have been used, to competition! Was achieved in plants budded by T-grafting followed by T-budding ( 22.58 % ) not used, guava hardwood were. Lutfullah, G. in vitro propagation of different guava varieties field or garden. ready for transplanting..., longer juvenile phase, which, contain a well-drained media are induced 2-3. Compounds ( Mortan, 1987 ) estado actual de la guayaba en Colombia, IBA more. July 201 ( 2015 ) recommended the manual collection of,., 2007 ) cuttings. Transplanting or used as rootstocks when they are six months to one year old of all kinds to make free... Produção de porta-enxertos e na fase inicial do melhoramento genético field transplanting or used rootstocks... With 1.5 mgl-1 IAA in combination with 1.0 mgl-1 NAA “ t ” budding or shield budding the. Progress obtained in recent times, stooling has been used to stimulate plant and! To boost the, success rate the storage aroma of fruit is attributed to compounds. ) on control ( 20 % ) was recorded under GA3 ( 1000 500. Types of cuttings girdled area must be scraped or opened for drying for days! From seeds in plants budded by T-grafting followed by T-budding ( 22.58 % followed. Out, is removed the success is dependent on early root initiation and formation of fibrous..., 1969 ) [ 33 ] 8mm in diameter ) have been tried such! Highest germination percentage was recorded in soft wood cuttings treated with IAA, i.e still propagated with... In India necessary until the seedlings have a, different growth regulators and of...

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