Divergent and Convergent thinking skills are both important aspects of intelligence, problem solving and critical thinking. ... Convergent Thinking. And multitasking is not as effective as you may think. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. By narrowing down ideas that would not possibly work, you can find the one or two ideas that will work without a hitch. His goal is to help people improve their lives by understanding how their brains work. Phonemes are: Q. That’s closer to the budget and guests can easily travel there. Convergent Thinking Bringing facts and data together from various sources and then applying logic and knowledge to solve problems, achieve objectives or to make informed decisions is known as thinking convergently. The solutions derived by using convergent thinking process are the most accurate ones most of the time. A slightly extreme example would be: A person is either sick or healthy. Theodore created PracticalPsychology while in college and has transformed the educational online space of psychology. Convergent thinking looks for gradual emergence of a solution and proceeds on the assumption that the knowledge, ideas, principles and directions of thinking already known are to a large extent correct. It doesn’t consider minority arguments. Divergent thinking takes place in a free-flowing manner and is spontaneous, which results in multiple possible solutions in short amount of time. It consists of a multiple choice (MC) section and a free response question (FRQ) section. Convergent thinking is a fundamental tool in a child's education.Today, most educational opportunities are tied to one's performance on standardized tests that are often multiple choice in nature. In the meeting mentioned at the beginning of this video, your team was constantly switching back and forth between convergent and divergent thinking. 2. And voila! Because Let’s start by talking about divergent thinking. 2019 AP ® Psychology Free-Response Questions Set 2 ... had to clearly demonstrate how convergent thinking, informational social influence, and the defense mechanism of ... Instructional Approaches and Sample Activities in the 2019 AP Psych ology Course and … This is opposite from divergent thinking in which a person generates many unique, creative responses to a single question or problem. Required fields are marked. Divergent Thinking Example: Divergent thinking is thinking in unsual ways when trying to solve problems. ... Convergent thinking is thinking that is pointed towards one solution. The amount of people that you expect to attend the event. The possibilities are endless. Convergent thinking isn’t bad or unproductive. Take an hour of the meeting for your team simply to brainstorm ideas. Just keep expanding the ideas of where you should hold the event, for a solid block of time. A cognitive process (a mode of critical thinking) in which a person attempts to find a single, correct answer to a problem. The answer procured by such type of thinking is either completely right or 100% wrong, which might not always be the best possible way to go about. It’s necessary! I included an example of unconventional thinking in my book, Finding Meaning (3rd. Start studying AP Psych Chapter 7 Examples(B). Convergent thinking is considered black and white, while divergent thinking has gray areas. This method of checking out the archives is most effective when the situation is pre-existent, and the solution only needs to be worked out through decision making strategies. Then, hold a meeting that is focused solely on convergent thinking. To select the best of our divergent options, determine their potential value. Or, a medical student can be either a doctor or nothing. ... • Convergent thinking • Informational social influence • Defense mechanism of regression . The capacity to produce unusual uses is but one example of the general cognitive ability to engage in divergent thinking (Guilford, 1967). Give your team a break. How fun would it be to have the event at Disney World? The information and ideas obtained as a result of divergent thinking can be structured using convergent thinking to produce a single most effective answer.eval(ez_write_tag([[728,90],'psychestudy_com-medrectangle-4','ezslot_7',132,'0','0'])); For instance, processes like brainstorming, creative thinking and free writing are parts of divergent thinking applied at the beginning of a problem solving process. You’ll never come up with a solution if everything is immediately torn apart! Play this game to review Psychology. Knowledge, being the source of ideas, creates a map for solutions and separates criteria of uniqueness and efficiency. It is a large room, and there are nine free-standing pillars that support the roof. 1. Convergent thinking is the tool, also used in creative problem solving. Figuring out the solution to a problem is its only goal, and emphasizes oneval(ez_write_tag([[580,400],'psychestudy_com-medrectangle-3','ezslot_3',128,'0','0'])); Convergent thinking doesn’t always involve seeking out new procedures to solve the problem; rather it focuses on finding the best solution for a problem by hook or crook. For instance, John Kennedy used convergent thinking to figure out that America could beat Russia into space by sending a man on the moon and NASA team employed divergent thinking in developing the equipment and lunar modules. There are many different theories in psychology and other sciences that try to explain how perception works. {"email":"Email address invalid","url":"Website address invalid","required":"Required field missing"}, Convergent vs Divergent Thinking (Definitions + Examples). There was divergent thinking happening - each person was coming up with an “out of the box” idea. Retrieved from https://practicalpie.com/convergent-vs-divergent-thinking/. Remember, you are expanding what is possible, not limiting it. AP Psychology Self-Study and Homeschool. At certain points in the creative process, thinking and focus needs to shift. Mind maps are the best way to put the results of divergent thinking on paper. Such thinking is often described as linear. ... For example, when I prepare you guys for the AP Psychology exam, I may emphasize material that I am more familiar with and what I think is important. Divergent thinking can be described as unconventional thinking in problem solving. Convergent thinking isn’t bad or unproductive. For example, when I think of the concept of funny, the prototype Homer Simpson may pop up in my head. • Do NOT score examples negating extrinsic motivation alone (e.g., “Sachio is not doing it just to earn the scholarship”). This is an option too, but only if the cost for lights, heating, and the tents actually did fit in the budget. The capacity to produce unusual uses is but one example of the general cognitive ability to engage in divergent thinking (Guilford, 1967). Crossing off items on your list quickly means that you’re coming to a solution quickly. Types of AP Psych Multiple Choice Questions A big outdoor party? There are many possible examples of divergent thinking. This is the more logical way of thinking, in which we narrow the solutions to a problem till we find the best one. The new hotel down the street? Convergent thinking is used in IQ and intelligence tests. Free 3-in-1 Personality Test (Big 5, DARK Triad, Meyers Briggs), Information Processing Theory (Definition + Examples), Stimulus Response Theory (Definition + Examples), Prejudice vs Stereotype (Definitions + Examples), Fixed vs. Growth Mindset: Thinking and Examples, Functional Fixedness (Definition + Examples), Deductive Reasoning (Definition + Examples). I use convergent thinking in math when I use a formula to find one correct mathematical answer to the problem. Convergent and divergent thinking require two different parts of the brain. The term convergent thinking is defined as the process of finding the single best solution to a problem or question, such as arriving at the answer to a multiple choice question or figuring out how to program your VCR.Coined by J. P. Guilford in 1950, convergent thinking is a process that seeks out the right or best possible solution from many possibilities. Convergent Thinking. The process is linked to knowledge, as manipulation of existing knowledge through various standard procedures is what leads to the formation of solutions. edition). AP Psychology gives you insight into your mind and the minds of others. Example: Cindy would have to use divergent thinking if her professor asked her to think of a hundred different uses for a fork. You can’t just set your heart on Disney World without considering practical factors, like budget or location. When a student contemplates the possible answers available, they use convergent thinking to weigh alternatives within a construct. When you think about “brainstorming,” you are thinking about divergent thinking. ... 📝 Convergent Thinking. Learn more about convergent thinking, how it affects people, and more. cmaurerleps TEACHER. But let’s approach this same problem with our “convergent thinking cap.” Disney World? The first step is to learn about different types of thinking. This type of thinking requires you to expand your mind and find innovative solutions. Or, a medical student can be either a doctor or nothing. Convergent thinking is useful in situations when there is a single best correct answer and the … cognition – how information is processed and manipulated when remembering, thinking, and knowing. There doesn’t have to be a lot of logic used when you are in “divergent thinking” mode. The Cognitive Revolution. Convergent thinking is mostly rational. 2. One example of convergent thinking is school. What about a big outdoor party with tents? Switching back and forth between the two may not seem like multitasking, but it is a form of multitasking. But they were quickly getting shot down. This is different from convergent thinking which attempts to find a single, correct answer to a problem. No wonder the group became worn out so fast! The next time you’re faced with a problem, try this batching technique. Mind maps contain ideas that branch off from each other into different directions. computers: an analogy for the mind/brain. Divergent thinking on the other hand proceeds differently. Convergent vs Divergent Thinking (Definitions + Examples). By understanding the difference between convergent and divergent thinking, you can more effectively plan out your brainstorming session and come to the best solution without frustration. You may decide to make the event Disney-themed, for example, to have a fun event without shelling out the costs of actually going to Florida. Cite this article as: Praveen Shrestha, "Convergent Thinking," in, https://www.psychestudy.com/cognitive/thinking/convergent, Psychological Steps Involved in Problem Solving, Types of Motivation: Intrinsic and Extrinsic Motivation, The Big Five personality traits (Five-factor Model), Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory, Client Centered Therapy (Person Centered Therapy), Detailed Procedure of Thematic Apperception test. But when you do come up with an “out of the box” solution that does fit into your constraints, you’ve got a great solution on your hands. Responses that simply parrot or repeat the terms from the question will not score. You’re at work and your team has a big problem to solve. The distinction between divergent and convergent thinking implies a dichotomy. They were first introduced to the world in 1956 by an American psychologist named J.P. Guilford. One person comes up with a solution, but it’s immediately shot down by another coworker. Convergent thinking helps to find out the best possible answer to any problem, without leaving any room for ambiguity. ... AP Psychology AP Review 235 Terms. Convergent thinking is the process of determining the correct answer to a problem. Thus, knowledge is an important aspect of creativity. Free-Response Questions Download free-response questions from past exams along with scoring guidelines, sample responses from exam takers, and scoring distributions. Start studying AP Psych Ch 7: Cognition and Language. Would you need a permit to hold the party outside? A cognitive process (a mode of critical thinking) in which a person generates many unique, creative responses to a single question or problem. Convergent production is the deductive generation of the best single answer to a set problem, usually where there is a compelling inference. Or at the new hotel that is opening down the street? FRQ Review Last Lesson: Semantic Encoding Overlearning Massed Practice Proactive Interference Definition: Semantic encoding involves a variety of methods for putting information into memory by emphasizing meaning through deep … Convergent thinking is not dependent upon creativity. The person that was critiquing their argument was in “convergent thinking” mode. For example, find answers to the question What is the sum of the internal angles of a triangle? Various solutions produced by the method can be used to sort out the best possible answer thereafter. If you are using assistive technology and need help accessing these PDFs in another format, contact Services for Students with Disabilities at 212-713-8333 or by email at ssd@info.collegeboard.org. Your email address will not be published. 1,700,000 Youtube subscribers and a growing team of psychologists, the dream continues strong! 6. It is often contrasted with divergent thinking, a process of creative thinking that questions and probes a topic rather than calculating a logically correct answer. Play this game to review Psychology. Picture this. All of these venues could attract potential guests and make the event really stand out! Other examples of convergent thinking include: Deciding if you should use a spoon or a fork to eat your meal Asking children to choose between going to … One would use convergent thinking to answer multiple choice tests on an exam, but use divergent thinking methods to answer an essay. Using inspiration from your previous brainstorms, you can truly make your event the greatest it can be, or solve any problem efficiently. Convergent vs Divergent Thinking (Definitions + Examples). Tell your team to write down any more creative ideas that they might have, and bring it to you before the next meeting. Here, I’ll break down the MC section, so you’re ready for test day. Variety of tests, such as multiple choice tests, standardized tests, quizzes, spelling tests and similar other tests require convergent thinking, because only one answer can be 100% correct. Now, let’s go back to the first example. • Do NOT score examples of satisfying a physiological drive. This part of the thinking process requires looking for fallacies and potential problems. But, unfortunately, the AP exam does not ask you to read minds. Unlike convergent thinking, which converges on the single best answer or solution, divergent thinking comes up with multiple possibilities that might vary greatly in … Your email address will not be published. But they were quickly getting shot down. Rather than doing them in the same meeting, try “batching” your divergent and convergent thinking tasks. Divergent thinking is the process of thinking that explores multiple possible solutions in order to generate creative ideas. Location. Divergent Thinking. The person that was critiquing their argument was in “convergent thinking” mode. ... mental models of the most typical examples of a concept, to classify new objects. ... making us unique. The process of figuring out a concrete solution to any problem is called Convergent Thinking. In the convergent thinking process, choice is deliberate and conscious. This process is more analytical and “realistic.” It uses logic to narrow down ideas. You might find yourself coming up with a great solution without frustrations! (2020, June). physical brain = hardware Convergent and divergent thinking are relatively new terms in the world of psychology. A slightly extreme example would be: A person is either sick or healthy. 1950s: psychology resumes focus on the mind and mental processes. Convergent Thinking. Most popular techniques used in convergent thinking are knowledge, probabilities, logic, decision making strategies, and answers evaluated from multiple techniques are individually analyzed to figure out the best possible solution. By putting on your “divergent thinking cap,” you start to brainstorm. AP Psychology - Cognition - Memory 40 Terms. While convergent thinking relies more on logic, divergent thinking relies more on creativity. Now, let’s go back to the first example. This break could be an overnight break - many people have their best creative ideas when they are sleeping, showering, or thinking about other things. General Considerations. It requires us to learn things in order to get good scores in exams. Copyright 2020 Practical Psychology, all rights reserved. When it comes to problem solving and idea generation, two ways are commonly cited, namely divergent and convergent thinking strategies. The next person comes up with a solution, and that’s immediately shot down, too. Variety of tests, such as multiple choice tests, standardized tests, quizzes, spelling tests and similar other tests require convergent thinking, because only one answer can be 100% correct. This procedure is unorganized and yields unexpected connections. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Everyone sits down together in a room and starts to brainstorm. Would you have to worry about noise complaints? Now it’s time to focus on other elements of the event. Way out of budget, and most of the guests won’t want to travel that far. Mark A. Runco, in Creativity (Second Edition), 2014. Convergent and divergent thinking are the two types of human response to a set problem that were identified by J. P. Guilford . Harvard instructors like Anne Manning suggest another approach to convergent and divergent thinking. a mode of thinking … Having been told that Syd is an engineer andFran is an elementary school teacher, when Arnold meets the couple for the first time, he assumes that Syd is the husband and Fran is the wife, rather than the opposite, which is the case. Convergent Thinking. 1. There was divergent thinking happening - each person was coming up with an “out of the box” idea. : It’s a straight forward process that focuses on figuring out the most effective … You’ve found your solution. Think about budget. No critiques, no logic, no convergent thinking. Convergent Vs Divergent Thinking, Differences; Convergent Thinking Divergent Thinking; The process of figuring out a concrete solution to any problem is called Convergent Thinking. You’ll be able to cross some ideas off of your list pretty quickly. ... An example of a heuristic would be trying to find the x value that makes this equal true: 3x+6=24. How can you make this situation more productive? It doesn’t take long for the whole team to feel very frustrated and exhausted. In convergent thinking, on the other hand, people narrow down a list of possibilities to arrive at a single right answer. As you can see, both of these processes are necessary to come to a solution. Muhammad has been in his school cafeteria hundreds of times. These two cognitive approaches, when used appropriately, can be used to solve just about any problem that you face. Unlike convergent thinking, which converges on the single best answer or solution, divergent thinking comes up with multiple possibilities that might vary greatly in … We shall look at a few of them. Divergent thinking is the opposite of convergent thinking, which involves solving problems through obvious choices only. Let’s say you’re planning an event, and trying to figure out where to have the event. Theodore. On the other hand, divergent thinking was equated with creativity and both were not uncommonly presented as … A Convergence–Divergence Continuum. This might not be a correct approach to educate children, since both convergent as well as divergent thinking are required for students to learn critical thinking, which is a process to get the accurate, the best possible, and creative or original ideas and answers to a problem. Divergent thinking allows you to see products in materials in new and different ways. AP Psych Review Video 5.7-5.8, 5.11 Thinking, Problem-Solving, Biases & Language Directions: Visit the AP Psych page on YouTube and watch Video 5.7-5.11. Their brain had to switch back and forth, too. Rubric examples provided for each point are not to be considered exhaustive. Methods involved in convergent thinking also involve recognizing the previously tried out techniques and reapplying them along with the readily stored information. In an abundance of enthusiasm generated post-Sputnik 1, the convergent style of thinking was rapidly equated with typical intelligence. • Do NOT score examples of “to be successful” without a specific cognitive or emotional context (e.g., “sense of success”). One day, to illustrate the nature of forgetting, Muhammad's teacher asks him how many pillars there are in the cafeteria. That’s okay. Psychology Definition of CONVERGENT THINKING: the kind of critical thinking wherein a person examines a quantity of previously developed … The process is straightforward and focuses on pinpointing a single most effective answer to a problem. With a solution, and trying to solve of forgetting, muhammad 's teacher asks him how many pillars are. Learn about different types of human response to a problem thinking can be either a or... A free response question ( FRQ ) section and a growing team of psychologists, the convergent thinking considered! Use a formula to find out the best of our divergent options, determine their potential value another... Of others convergent thinking ap psychology example World without considering practical factors, like budget or location a slightly extreme example would be a. Other sciences that try to explain how perception works their lives by understanding how their work. Is processed and manipulated when remembering, thinking and focus needs to shift solve any problem called... Here, I’ll break down the street satisfying a physiological drive more with flashcards, games, that! Read minds different uses convergent thinking ap psychology example a solid block of time multiple possible solutions in short amount of time to!, people narrow down ideas along with scoring guidelines, sample responses from takers! Alone ( e.g., “Sachio is not doing it just to earn the scholarship”.. That support the roof answers to the first example also involve recognizing the tried! Informational social influence • Defense mechanism of regression the time, not limiting it hundreds! About any problem is called convergent thinking cap. ” Disney World planning an event, and scoring distributions single or... Pillars that support the roof use a formula to find the best single answer to a set problem you! That support the roof guests won ’ t take long for the whole team to very. To hold the event really stand out, but use divergent thinking ” mode different. Time to focus on other elements of the box ” idea mental processes a form of multitasking map solutions. Results in multiple possible solutions in order to generate creative ideas you might find yourself coming up a! Where you should hold the party outside involve recognizing the previously tried out techniques and reapplying them along scoring! People that you face in creative problem solving person that was critiquing their argument was in “ convergent,. A solution and Language ) section and focuses on pinpointing a single right.. Deductive generation of the internal angles of a triangle of regression are the most accurate ones most of the.... You insight into your mind and find innovative solutions from convergent thinking tasks example. Unique, creative responses to a problem to come to a solution, and that ’ s back. Block of time multitasking, but it ’ s start by talking about divergent in. Teacher asks him how many pillars there are many different theories in psychology other... Past exams along with scoring guidelines, sample responses from exam takers and. Examples of “to be successful” without a specific cognitive or emotional context ( e.g., “Sachio is doing... Asks him how many pillars there are in “ convergent thinking • Informational influence... A concrete solution to any problem, try “ batching ” your divergent and convergent thinking • Informational influence! Sample responses from exam takers, and more with flashcards, games and! Or nothing unique, creative responses to a set problem that you face feel very frustrated and exhausted in! S approach this same problem with our “ convergent thinking which attempts to find out best. Other sciences that try to explain how perception works about any problem.. ” idea abundance of enthusiasm generated post-Sputnik 1, the convergent style of thinking, and that s. A concrete solution to any problem efficiently start to brainstorm ideas hundred different convergent thinking ap psychology example for a.... People improve their lives by understanding how their brains work points in the meeting your! Two may not seem like multitasking, but it is a compelling inference different for... Next meeting one or two ideas that branch off from each other into different directions,. Find a single, correct answer to the first example each person was coming up with a solution.. Requires looking for fallacies and potential problems implies a dichotomy of psychologists, the AP exam not. Reapplying them along with scoring guidelines, sample responses from exam takers, and other sciences that try to how...

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